Sunday 22 January 2012 4.53pm
I regret I don't have the answer, but one of the following points may be a lead:-
* There was a Forum discussion on Harper Road
history in 2004:
* Ordnance Survey maps on the Council website show in 1938 the street was still called Union Road (successor name to Horsemonger Lane) but by '1949-54' this has become Harper Road
. You could search press cuttings & municipal records from that period for material on the name change.
* The celebrated Southwark Fair which took place prior to 1762 included a booth called Lee and Harper
. This appears to have staged shows and plays, and is also described as 'Harper's Booth'. The Fair took place on Borough High Street
. Meanwhile, at different times the section of the street between John Harvard Library
and Mermaid Court
contained at least three prisons.
* One of these was the White Lion/Lyon. Previously an inn, this was one of a series of local gaol sites managed by the Surrey Justices - the County of Surrey extending to the Thames at this point. The last of these was the prison generally known as Horsemonger Lane Gaol, which stood where Newington Gardens
(aka Gaol Park) is now. The artist Hogarth produced one or more prints of Southwark Fair in which Harper's Booth features. It's possible this is the source of the name.
* This is a long shot, but British History Online
has references to several people in Southwark called Harper, including a John ~ who in 1557 was gaoled for treason and sentenced to be hung, drawn & quartered at St Thomas a Waterings - at the junction of the present Old Kent Road
& Albany Road - but then pardoned. Given Union Road/Horsemonger Lane's past association with gaols I wonder if the local council when looking for a new street name around 65 years ago decided to use this historical connection?
If you do find the answer please post.
For anyone interested in the history of The Borough, on Saturday 25 February I'm leading a walk on SE1 Prisons, which starts at 11.00 am. The assembly point will be announced shortly.
To book a place, please contact Laura Reynolds at Coin Street
Community Builders on 0207 021 1622, email L.Reynolds@coinstreet.org