Re: Winchester Palace

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Thursday 1 February 2001 9.16am
I'm going to be living in Bankside for the summmer. I'm going to be studying abroad? What is the neighborhood i lucky, or did I get screwed? Sorry to be so clueless...but I thought this was a good way to clarigy things Thanks :)
Tuesday 27 February 2001 1.13pm
you are fortunate indeed! there are loads of great things going on in the area.
Saturday 9 December 2000 4.06pm
You didn't need to ask us, there is a perfectly good site on the Palace within this SE1 site! all you had to do was click on Heritage Links! at the top of the page where you clicked on Local History Message Board. However to save you the bother!!! COMPASS ARCHAEOLOGY LIMITED THE MEDIEVAL WINCHESTER PALACE Compass Archaeology was involved in March 2000 in archaeological work at Clink Street, Southwark, London SE1. This was undertaken under the aegis of Simon Blatherwick (freelance archaeologist, e-mail address: for the London Borough of Southwark. The archaeological work had been planned by the Council as part of a scheme of environmental improvements, involving some limited ground disturbance in the Clink Street and Stoney Street area. This is an historic part of Southwark, close to the Cathedral, the Thames and Borough Market, and falls partly within the Scheduled Ancient Monument of Winchester Palace, scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act, 1979. Consent for the archaeological work on the scheduled area had been obtained from the Department of Culture, Media and Sport who are advised by English Heritage. The site is important as part of the medieval London residence of the Bishops of Winchester, known as Winchester Palace, was known to lie along Clink Street. Previous archaeological work in 1962, 1970-71 and 1983-4 had exposed the massive stone foundations of the Palace, particularly those of the east-west aligned Great Hall. The 1983-4 ‘dig' by the Museum of London's former Department of Greater London Archaeology produced evidence that the Great Hall had been built c. 1220 AD (Derek Seeley, pers. comm.). Part of the stone-built Great Hall is still visible and is displayed in situ on Clink Street for visitors and others. The displayed remains include the Rose Window, a large circular stone tracery window of early fourteenth century date that would have held stained glass and which was inserted into the earlier, thirteenth century, fabric of the west wall of the Palace's Great Hall. The Rose Window wall marks the west end of the Bishops' Great Hall. Three doorways can be seen in the standing Rose Window wall and these led into the buttery, pantry and kitchen in the service range of the Bishop's Palace, to the west of the Rose Window and the Great Hall. It was in the medieval service range that the recent archaeological work in Clink Street took place. The work in March 2000 enabled a fresh length of the north wall of the service range to be recorded along the south side of Clink Street, west of its junction with Stoney Street. The wall presumably dated to the early thirteenth century as it was similar to the exposed foundations of the Great Hall to the east, and was on the same east-west alignment, and would probably have been built at the same time. No medieval pottery or other finds to confirm the dating were found. The wall was exposed once the existing roadway had been lifted under archaeological supervision. The foundations were photographed and drawn, and then were carefully covered over with protective materials to ensure their preservation, and the new roadway was then laid over the protected remains. The photographs (click on them to see a larger version) show some of the archaeological discoveries in March 2000, and also a detailed view of the Rose Window, looking westwards from a fourth-floor balcony in Clink Street. We are grateful to Simon Blatherwick and to Sarah Gibson, the London Borough of Southwark's Senior Archaeology Officer for the opportunity to participate in this project, and they and Ellen Barnes, Inspector of Ancient Monuments at English Heritage provided helpful advice and direction. A small amount of archaeological work was also required in relation to two trenches that were dug by Thames Water Utilities at the junction of Clink Street and Stoney Street and we are grateful to Thames Water for their !support and assistance. We are also grateful to McNicholas plc who were the main contractor for the environmental improvements scheme and who kindly co-operated throughout. Our thanks also go to Stephen Humphrey, Southwark Local Studies Library for reading this contribution on Southwark and for his comments. Four historical map extracts, showing the development of this part of Southwark from AD 1562-1862, are reproduced on the next pages. These, other maps and many other sources including Martha Carlin's book Medieval Southwark published by the Hambledon Press in 1996 can be consulted at the: Southwark Local Studies Library 211 Borough High Street London SE1 1JA. (Opening hours can be obtained by phoning the library on 020 7403 3507). FOUR HISTORIC MAP EXTRACTS, SHOWING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PART OF NORTH SOUTHWARK AD 1552-1862. Extract from Agas Map, c. 1562 Map 1 - extract reproduced by courtesy of Guildhall Library, London c. AD 1562, an extract from the ‘Agas' map, with north towards the top of the page, and showing a small part of North Southwark at that date. The Agas map is derived from an earlier map of 1553-59 and most of its detail is thus a little earlier than the 1562 date. Winchester Palace is shown as Whin chste plc, on Clink Street to the west of London Bridge, beneath the two rowing boats tied up to the Bishops wharf, immediately to the north of the Palace. Other features of note include the medieval houses on London Bridge, Southwark Cathedral (S. Mary) between Winchester Palace and the bridge, and the medieval inlet, which can still be seen today holding the replica of Drake's Golden Hinde, between the Cathedral and the Palace. The main bridge approach road, now called Borough High Street, is marked Southwake, and a gateway to the east of Borough High Street leads north into the unnamed St Thomas's Hospital. Tooley Street is named Barms Street (an abbreviation of Barmsey Street, presumably meaning the old route to Bermondsey Abbey (Stephen Humphrey, pers. comm.)). The church above this name is S. Towlles, for St Olave's demolished in c. 1924. The Bridge ho on the eastern edge of the map extract is the headquarters of the wardens who controlled London Bridge for the Corporation of the City of London. The Corporation paid for the building on the bridge from 1170 and collected tolls from those crossing it, hence the modern endowment, Bridge House Estates. Extract from Faithorne and Newcourt map, c. 1667 Map 2 - extract reproduced by courtesy of Guildhall Library, London c. AD 1667, an extract from the Faithorne and Newcourt map, with north towards the top of the page. The extract shows the bridgehead Southwark settlement, concentrated around the south end of the Bridge, and extending eastwards along Tooley Street. St Olave's Church is marked 110, and the Cathedral is 111. The medieval palace is called Winchester House. Borough High Street runs south from the bridge, and St George's church can be seen at the junction of the High Street with Long Lane and Tabard Street, both of which head east from the High Street, by the church. Many of the buildings lining the High Street and Tabard Street, the street with buildings which leads from the church, were inns with overnight accommodation and stabling. Extract from John Rocque's map, c. 1746 Map 3 - extract reproduced by courtesy of Guildhall Library, London c. 1746, an extract from John Rocque's map, showing the great extent to which the area had been developed and built up, since 1667. St Thomas's Hospital and Guy's are both shown, as are St Olave's Church and the Cathedral (St Saviour). Rocque's map conveys the character of Southwark at this time, with the shaded areas representing densely occupied dwelling courts and tenements and small industrial enterprises, including leather working, potting, clay pipe manufacture, tanning, and lines of rails for tenter grounds where cloth was laid out can be seen in the bottom middle of the extract. Various burial grounds are also marked. Extract from Stanford's map, 1862 Map 4 - extract reproduced by courtesy of Guildhall Library, London 1862, an extract from Stanford's map, showing that most of the open ground in 1746 had been developed by 1862, and that the railway had arrived. Southwark Street, where our offices are, is shown as an unnamed curve running west from Borough High Street by its junction with Wellington Street, and is about to be built. Many more images can be found at Guildhall Library's Collage Website There you go! SPJ

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